Germany’s novel ‘Stadium Alliances’ concept


German alliances between clubs and security authorities Image: Twitter (@iMiaSanMia)

The Federal Institute for Sports Science – on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Interior, Building and Home Affairs (BMI) (Government of Germany) – is floating tenders for the following research project to be carried out – ‘Stadium Alliances in Football – Current Assessment and Perspectives’. The last date for receiving tenders is July 7th, 2021.

The planned project duration is for circa eight months – from October 2021 to May 2022.

It’s all about cooperation between clubs and security authorities regarding organization and implementation/execution of soccer games in Germany.

So far, the concept of ‘Stadium Alliances’ has been implemented in the German States of Baden-Württemberg and Lower Saxony. To be able to replicate this exercise in the other Federal States of Germany (read in soccer venues), an independent scientific evaluation will be carried out.

The scientific evaluation study to be carried out – as mentioned above – will take into consideration how smooth the whole exercise has been in the German States of Baden-Württemberg and Lower Saxony and will be further replicated in the soccer stadia of German States. The final report submission deadline is July 1st, 2022 and the project start date is October 1st, 2021 subject to funds being made available by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, for Building and Home Affairs (BMI).

‘Stadium Alliances’

The ‘Institute for Sports Science (Government entity)’ stated that the concept of ‘Stadium Alliances’ in Germany goes back to the year 2016. The sole objective is to intensify and further develop the cooperation between clubs and security authorities in the organization and implementation of professional football games: Joint identification of potential for improvement and joint development of new concepts for a safe stadium experience.

The core of ‘Stadium Alliances’ comprises officials who are into the whole business of decision-making and belong to security agencies who make joint decisions before, during and after a soccer game and also communicate the same to the outside world.

Modus operandi:

  • Work in location-based small groups;
  • Agreement on binding structures tailored to the locations;
  • Agreement on contact persons at the respective locations to keep the Ministry of Interior/State Police Headquarters posted as well as for streamlining the entire process;
  • Linking regional methodology with basic scientific knowledge; and
  • Cooperation within the local network holds great significance – especially keeping in mind the volatile COVID-19 situation the world over – when there is limited or no spectators in stadia at all; and
  • In these trying times of COVID-19 it becomes all the more necessary to ensure that fans feel totally secure in venues and necessitates that the security agencies work in tandem.



The ‘Institute for Sports Science (Government entity)’ further stated that it is a joint decision-making process and depending on the risk factors involved, security forces are deployed accordingly. The main objective is to avoid conflict-like situations and maximize the safety quotient. The entire objective behind ‘Stadium Alliances’ is to ensure a smooth matchday experience for fans.

The joint organization and implementation of professional football matches in Germany by the police, local authorities and various associations is a complex process and proper teamwork is imperative to ensure successful holding of soccer matches.

Huge presence of security forces does not necessarily mean foolproof security. The whole exercise will have to be a well-coordinated one.

The whole concept of ‘Stadium Alliances’ helps to take the burden off any one entity and also enhances the fans’ stadium experience and makes them feel secure within the venue.

The concept of ‘Stadium Alliances’ is also to ensure that the actors from different organizations who are governed by different principles peculiar to their respective organizations come together to arrive at a unanimous decision on operational procedures in soccer stadia.

Documentation of the ‘Stadium Alliances’ since 2017 is so far only available (limited version) to the German Football League (DFL).

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